Cancer is a deadly disease and mesothelioma is a rare type of cancer. It has many symptoms like chest pain and shortness of breath. Symptoms of mesothelioma depends upon the size of tumors so one can easily predict the mesothelioma stage. But its not applicable for all. When patient daignosedwith mesothelioma, he/she have very short time almost 10 to 12 months for survival. According to American Cancer Society the main cause of mesothelioma is asbestos, which enter into the human body through breathing and cause burning in respiratory track know pleura. It has four stages which include:
- Tumor found in lung or chest wall.
- Spread in lymph nodes/lung tissues
- Tumors cover the area of pericardium
- Cover almost all parts in the body which include abdomen, chest, pericardium, lungs and collarbone
The initial stage of mesothelioma, the tumor found at the one side of lungs or chest wall. This stage is curable because the tumor cant spread in the effected part and can be easily removed from the body. Initial stage do not have any symptoms so its very difficult to identify the disease.
In the second stage of mesothelioma the tumor cell grow and spread within the body. Slowly it covers the inner parts of lungs, lymph nodes and chest wall. The second stage is also curable with proper and suitable treatment. Different types of doctor can treat the patient which include thoracic surgeon, surgical oncologist, radiation oncologist, medical oncologist and pulmonologist.
The third stage is not curable because the tumor have the ability to grow and spread into different surrounding organs like lungs, chest wall, pericardium, lymph nodes and diaphragm. So it covers almost all main organ which is vital for the body function. When tumor develops it damage the near organ which is life threatening but certain types of treatment can improve the life span of mesothelioma patient.
This is the final and advanced stage of the mesothelioma disease. Tumor extend and capture the multiple parts of the body which is not curable. The last stage has many symptoms like fever, night sweating, difficulty in swallowing and breathing, chest pain, abdominal pain, weight lose and fatigue. Through these symptoms it can be easily recognized but unfortunately can not be cured/treated. The patient has very minimum time to spend with their love one. He/she can survive only for 6 to 12 months as it has very low ratio of survival. On the other hand the death of mesothelioma patient is very painful because of the chest and abdominal pain. According to the WHO; 43000 mesothelioma patient die every year.
The first two stages are not fatal and the patient can cure by the removal of the tumor cells. But it is hard to daignosed in the early stages. But the last two stages are fatal and patient have very low chance of survival. Because the mesothelioma cells grow and spread very fast as it has ability to grow and damage the internal organ of the body.