Health Geography

Health Geography

Health geography is the study of geography, geographical information systems, perspectives, and information on health, illness, and healthcare. It is basically interdisciplinary research and knowledge sharing that combines geography, medical research, information technology, statistics, and computer programming, all aimed at developing health care systems.

health geography


The main objective of this interdisciplinary science is to develop and design a new generation of geographic and demographic information systems. These systems are needed for the purpose of healthcare and population research. This research involves the use of statistical, mathematical, economic, and other scientific techniques to examine health and development in various countries around the world.


Health is defined as the process of living; that is, living with the body. Health is also considered the combination of physical, mental, social and spiritual resources, that contribute to the quality of life of an individual. It encompasses all aspects of the health system. Health is therefore a collective phenomenon with the basic needs of humans and the environment as well as the physical, biological, psychological, social, and cultural dimensions.


Health geography has its basis in geography and in information technology, especially in the field of geographic information systems. The concept of health has evolved over the years with the development of new medical sciences and medical technologies. This evolution has led to a need for a whole new generation of geographic information systems. This new generation will enable the improvement of medical services and the provision of better healthcare.


Health care is defined as the act of providing health or medical assistance to people. It can be broadly classified into primary health care, secondary health care, specialized health care, and tertiary health care. Primary health care is focused on prevention, cure, and rehabilitation of diseases, while secondary health care is concerned with the management of existing health conditions and care of patients in relation to the primary health care objective.


Health care is provided by professionals or medical practitioners who have special qualifications in the health field. Primary health care practitioners are mainly doctors and medical practitioners, while the others include health consultants, health specialists, nurses, and clinical nurses, pharmacists and dietitians, health educators, and health professionals in hospitals and healthcare institutions.


The goal of the health care delivery system is to make the most efficient use of the healthcare resources of an organization in the most efficient manner possible. This results in reducing costs and ensuring better control of healthcare.


Health geography has made significant contributions to the understanding of health systems around the world. Its contribution is crucial in developing more effective and cost-effective health policies that address the needs of global populations. As part of this effort, there are now some initiatives in place to establish the international Health Geographic Information Systems which have been developed to provide improved health care services to individuals, communities, and countries.


Health geography attempts to improve the overall health services delivery system by creating a common language to describe health care concepts and services. It is done through maps, graphs, figures and tables, and other visual media that facilitate a better understanding and application of these concepts in the health care service delivery process.


Health geography has established a number of guidelines and principles to guide health professionals in developing better systems of health care delivery and management in different countries. These systems are based on the principles of health economics, comparative studies, and the principles of health systems. These systems are being developed and improved by health professionals in different countries. In addition, health education has also become an important aspect of health geography since many years ago.


There are many issues that have to be considered in the planning and implementation of health care delivery. These include the need to define the goals and objectives of the delivery system; determine the structure of the delivery system, identify the population, evaluate the needs of the population, and then design a delivery system that meets these needs.


Health geography has made tremendous contributions in terms of improving the health care delivery system through the development of improved systems of health care delivery and information systems. In addition, it has also provided a common language to communicate with each other and to provide better services to patients in health care facilities.


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